95% of Americans exceed their maximum discretionary caloric allowance. Vinegar and tea, however, offer nutrition without calories. Nuts may increase the calories our body burns, whereas the gut flora of those who eat meat may extract more calories from food, resulting in weight gain. An obesity-causing chicken virus may even cause weight gain without increased caloric intake and modern chickens are themselves considered obese, resulting in their meat having dramatically more calories than it did historically. Meat burgers may have 25% more calories than meat-free burgers; hot dogs may have five times more calories than veggie dogs. And consuming soy may double weight loss when on a diet. Between diets with equivalent calories, a soy protein based diet was found to result in abdominal fat shrinkage whereas a milk protein based diet resulted in an expansion of abdominal girth.

Topic summary contributed by Denise.
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