Doctor's Note

In general, though, whole foods are best. See my 33 videos on processed foods. For more on the bioavailability of phytonutrients, see my videosRaw Food Nutrient Absorption and Raw Food Diet Myths. And I have hundreds of other videos on more than a thousand subjects you are welcome to check out. Everything on this website is free!

For some context, please check out my associated blog posts: Eating Green to Prevent CancerApple Peels Turn On Anticancer Genes, and The Science of Acai Berries

  • Michael Greger M.D.

    In general, though, whole foods are best. See my 33 videos on processed foods. For more on the bioavailability of phytonutrients, see my videos Raw Food Nutrient Absorption and Raw Food Diet Myths. And I have hundreds of other videos on more than a thousand subjects you are welcome to check out. Everything on this website is free!

  • RudyS

    Are the fruit juices in question store bought juices that have been pasteurized or are they “raw” fruit juices from a home juicer? I expect the answer is the former considering the added vitamin C mentioned in the grape juice but I want to be sure. As always, these videos are dearly appreciated.

  • randy

    Just something to notice on the graph, cranberry juice fared well in comparison to the others in relation to whole vs juice. True, the juice had less but certainly not by a great deal.

    Also the VCE, assuming no added vitamin C was at quite a respectable level, 100mg, higher than all the rest than grape juice which had a vitamin C additive.

    Just curious but I was wondering how Pomegranate juice/whole rated in this mix.
    Juice is readily available usually without additives and is certainly advertised heavily for all it’s health benefits (excluding the POM companies false documentation on arterial plaque removal).

  • VeganNutritionist

    This discounts the benefits of juice fasting which can help the body detox because it spends only a fraction of the time digesting its foods and more bodily processes can be used for detoxification.

    And more isn’t always better. Sometimes it is simply just more.

  • organicsauce

    So, if I take a tomato and juice it instead of eating it (that same tomato), it’s higher on the VCE scale? What happens during the juicing process that boosts this up?

  • Judas_priest

    Perhaps the good doctor should stick to nutrition.  The Dred Scott decision was in 1857, and no justice then sitting was on the court when it decided the status of tomatoes under the then extant tariff law.

    • Michael Greger M.D.

      You’re totally right JP! Though the terms of Stephen Johnson Field and Samuel Freeman Miller evidently came close, they did not overlap with both cases–yikes! I’m so sorry about the mistake.  Maybe I should leave history buffing to the buffs! I’m going to re-record the video to correct the error. Thank you so much for pointing it out. As always, anyone who points out any error on the site wins a free DVD of their choosing. Please email your mailing address to me at with your selection and I’ll get it out to you first thing on Monday!

      • Michael Greger M.D.

        All right–rerecorded! Changed from “among the Justices” to “a batch of Justices away from.” Thank you again so much, and urge you to please continue to help me make the site as robust as possible.

    • rawismyreligion

      good comment, but little rude for my taste

  • pbeach

    Knowledge is knowing tomato is a fruit, wisdom is knowing not to use it in a fruit salad.

    • Pete

      actually tomato tastes great in a ‘fruit’ salad – try it with watermelons, mangos and nuts ~ and all kinds of fruits taste great in vegetable salads too

  • Valnaples

    Avocado is ALSO a fruit…just saying…love my low-sodium V-8 every day as a snack with some nuts or seeds…also I’ve read that cooked tomatoes are more nutritious than raw tomatoes…BOTH are very good to eat.

    • Jason

      Campbell’s confirmed their “flavoring” may include “meat/seafood/poultry/dairy” on Twitter the week of August 3rd. They also confirmed they don’t offer any vegan products. So much for the “100% Vegetable Juice” claim on the label of V8.

  • Xavdeq

    I think this interesting review deserves a precision:
    what kind of juice is it?
    Fresh pressed, bottled/canned? Pasteurized?
    For tomato it is cooked I think

  • Michael Greger M.D.

    In general, though, whole foods are best. See my 33 videos on processed foods. For more on the bioavailability of phytonutrients, see my videos Raw Food Nutrient Absorption and Raw Food Diet Myths. And I have hundreds of other videos on more than a thousand subjects you are welcome to check out. Everything on this website is free!

    • Margaret Adams

      You are awesome!!!

  • Thea

    I’m curious about the dark bars in the graph which show antioxidant levels for the fruits themselves.  Dr. Greger says that vitamin C was manually added to the grape juice, but surely nothing was injected into the fruit itself?

    So, when looking at the levels for the fruits, it is odd to me that grapes show so high.  I thought I remembered (and please forgive me if I get it incorrectly) that Dr. Greger once called grapes something like, “the wonderbread of the fruit world” or something like that.  (Or maybe that was iceberg lettuce and vegetables?)

    Whether I got the exact quote right or not, it seems like grapes have not fared well in previous videos when talking about antioxidant levels?  And yet, in this video, grapes look great!  Is there an explanation that pulls all of this together?  I know that grapes are not bad for me.  But how do they really stack up compared to other fruits in terms of adding lots of health? 

    Perhaps this is a case of using different methods to measure antioxidants?  (I remember one Dr. video which explains reported differences in antioxidant levels in foods by looking at the different methods used to measure antioxidant levels.) 

    Just mildly curious/confused. 

    • Michael Greger M.D.

      Thank you for your question Thea! The seedless pale green table grapes are indeed comparatively pitiful, and so “white” grape juice is probably not a far cry from sugar water, but purple grape juice (as was used in this study) is made from gorgeous deep blue “concord” grapes which are unfortunately hard to find commercially, since consumers tend to prefer seedless grapes–a shame!

      • Thea

        Thanks so much for your reply Dr. Greger.  Such great info.

        Now, though, I admit to being uneasy about one of my favorite fruits: watermelon!   You pretty much can’t get the seeded kind in stores any more and anyway, I admit to being one of those people who prefers seedless.  But now I have to wonder if I’m missing out on a bunch of nutrition that way.  Oh sigh.  :-)

        Thanks again.

        PS: Note: even if I log in, this new version of your website still only allows the “post as” button.  It does not recognize me as being logged in.

        • val

          haha, Thea…the watermelon I buy at Publix ALL says “seedless” but last time I bought some (and it’s getting quite hot here in Naples, FL…cold watermelon is about the ONLY thing that will quench a post-walk & workout for me!) EVERY piece had seeds in it !!!

          • Thea

            val: I know! Those seeds still creep in. Sounds like you got a particularly bad one. Still, a highly seeded watermellon is better than no watermellon. Watermellon rocks. ;-)

  • Umar

    great web site im planning on losing weight and this has all the nutrional information i could ever want !

    • Michael Greger M.D.

      I’m so glad you’re finding my work useful!

  • Schilly76

    Could you do a video on juicing vs blending fruits and veggies? Which one is more beneficial and why?

  • Lainer

    Is this a chart using Juicers like the Breville and Norwalk or the processing of juice by plants that pasteurize?

  • Stephen Albers

    I’d like to see the same statistics for the vegetables people often juice, like carrot, celery, and kale!

  • Brody

    Keep in mind that the tomato – like cucumber, squash and peppers – is botanically a fruit, but is considered a vegetable in culinary terms.

  • susan

    Is there any tomato juice that you can buy that is 100% juice without sodium? I know they make lower sodium tomato juice but that still has sodium in it. Can I make tomato juice in my vitamin?

  • DanielFaster

    Matbucha is now more popular in Israel than hummus – it is a dip/spread/salad made by cooking diced tomatoes, peppers, garlic, and usually olive oil (not in my version) for several hours until really thick like lumpy tomato paste and served chilled. Assume it would be on the upped lycopene/antioxidant spectrum?

    • Thea

      DanielFaster: Thanks for your post about Matbucha. I had never heard of it before, but looked it up after reading your post. I’m really intrigued. And it does sound incredibly healthy.

      Do you happen to have a recipe for the oil-free version that you make? Either way, thanks again for your post.

      • DanielFaster

        Really we learned from my nephew’s Israeli mother in law you just throw a box or two of BPA-free POMI diced tomatoes and/or one of stewed tomatoes into the pan with lots of garlic and peppers and everything else and then cook it on low for several hours stirring occasionally until thick and lumpy. Hard to go wrong. Here’s one I googled you can just leave out the oil and the sugar – and here’s a tip from Ramses Bravo at True North I picked up at the NYNY festival in Marshall Tx: if you don’t put oil in a dish it will need less salt if any

        • Thea

          DanielFaster: Thanks so much for taking the time to reply. I’m going to give it a shot!

  • Iggy Dalrymple

    There is a school of thought(don’t know how true) that many nutrients and phyto-thingies are lost by not eating the peels and the seeds. It might be easier to consume these in a juice. My late great-grandma always ate her citrus peel. I always eat the seeds with my muscadine grapes. I also eat apples, seeds, and core. Granny lived into her 90s and I’m 75 & OK.

  • Treacle234

    So glad you changed up the website. It is a lot more user friendly than before.

  • HungryVegan

    I didn’t understand the reason though. Why is tomato juice the exception to the rule that whole foods are healthier?

  • Really

    This is based on canned or processed juice from stores and not freshly made juice from a juicer, correct?

  • Dave

    It is important to note that this seemed to be “processed” juice and pasteurized (heated). Although…the photo seems to represent fresh pressed juice…completely different.

  • karehew

    Sadly, though, most juices are pasteurized… which kills the C and all the living enzymes.