The Institute of Medicine Report on the Health Effects of Marijuana

The Institute of Medicine Report on the Health Effects of Marijuana
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What did the 2017 National Academies of Sciences 468-page report conclude about cannabis?

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Below is an approximation of this video’s audio content. To see any graphs, charts, graphics, images, and quotes to which Dr. Greger may be referring, watch the above video.

When some misinformed people hear of the grand opening of a new plant-based medical practice, one plant in particular may come to mind. Over the years, I’ve gotten a lot of questions about cannabis, and I figure it’s high time to try to clear the haze. I didn’t want to just take a pot shot, tokin’ effort, and end up with some half-baked puff piece. There are burning issues about a growing industry, with so much buzz and smoke and mirrors, the science can really take a hit. I mean, are there acute chronic effects? Blunt trauma from impaired driving, perhaps? I wanted to give the straight dope; weed out any doobieous research, and it’s been quite a trip. 420 articles published within just the past few months!

This is the review everyone was waiting for: “The [2017] Current State of Evidence” from the Institute of Medicine, “tasked with conducting a comprehensive review [on] the health effects of…cannabis.” Started out with 24,000 sources; whittled it down to about 10,000 to produce this 468-page document. What did they find?

I think it’s fair to summarize that they found the purported benefits to be much smaller and weaker than are often reported, but so too the purported risks. So, good news for the recreational user, who is mostly just worried about not getting cancer, but bad news for the patient who actually wants it to help their cancer. The only three benefits they could find “substantial evidence” for was as a treatment for “chronic pain in adults,” “chemo…-induced nausea and vomiting,” and relieving self-reported muscle tightness in patients with MS. Even archetypal medical marijuana indications, like glaucoma, failed to live up to expectations.

“Despite popular belief to the contrary, extensive research over decades has documented that marijuana is not effective in the management of clinical glaucoma,” a disease of increased pressure within the eyeball. I mean, it does lower pressure, but only for “about an hour.” And so, you’d have to smoke a dozen joints a day—and even if you did smoke those few thousand a year, your body gets used to it. And so, what little benefit there is disappears within a few months in most patients.

On the other hand, conspicuously missing from this list of adverse side effects of long-term or heavy use is any mention of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, like emphysema, which you can get from smoking tobacco. And similarly, it doesn’t look like smoking marijuana increases the risk of respiratory cancers, like lung cancer, or head and neck cancer—though cannabis may increase the risk of testicular cancer. There have been three studies so far on marijuana use and testicular cancer, appearing to increase risk about 50%—but only, it seems, for those smoking once a week or more, or for ten years or longer.

So, what did they conclude overall? Were they for legalization; opposed? Basically, they concluded, there simply isn’t enough research—”leaving patients, health care professionals, and policy makers without the evidence they need to make sound decisions” either way. Further: “This lack of evidence-based information…poses a public health risk.”

That’s one thing everyone on both sides can agree on: “the need for definitive clinical research.” Otherwise, we’re just left with “[a]necdotes,…blogs, and ad[s], which don’t “provide a sound basis for assessing the safety and efficacy of pharmacologic agents.” “Because cannabis is [just] a naturally occurring plant, and cannot be patented,” the pharmaceutical industry is MIA.

What we need are large clinical trials. Until then, we’re all just going to be “scratching our heads.” But, where’s the funding going to come from? For drug companies, interest in the plant is scant—where’s the payback?

Big Pharma is interested in “a reasoned approach,” however. “[T]he development of newer…cannabinoid modulators” in profitable pill form will, one day, writes this pharmacology professor, “make…the use of herbal cannabis a thing of the past.”

Please consider volunteering to help out on the site.

Icons created by Randomhero, Aly Dodds, Rockicon, Satisfactory, Pundimon, Nikita Kozin, and Pete Baker from The Noun Project.

Image credit: By Original uncropped image from Laurie Avocado (Cropped version of [1]) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)] via Wikimedia Commons. Image has been modified.

Motion graphics by Avocado Video.

Below is an approximation of this video’s audio content. To see any graphs, charts, graphics, images, and quotes to which Dr. Greger may be referring, watch the above video.

When some misinformed people hear of the grand opening of a new plant-based medical practice, one plant in particular may come to mind. Over the years, I’ve gotten a lot of questions about cannabis, and I figure it’s high time to try to clear the haze. I didn’t want to just take a pot shot, tokin’ effort, and end up with some half-baked puff piece. There are burning issues about a growing industry, with so much buzz and smoke and mirrors, the science can really take a hit. I mean, are there acute chronic effects? Blunt trauma from impaired driving, perhaps? I wanted to give the straight dope; weed out any doobieous research, and it’s been quite a trip. 420 articles published within just the past few months!

This is the review everyone was waiting for: “The [2017] Current State of Evidence” from the Institute of Medicine, “tasked with conducting a comprehensive review [on] the health effects of…cannabis.” Started out with 24,000 sources; whittled it down to about 10,000 to produce this 468-page document. What did they find?

I think it’s fair to summarize that they found the purported benefits to be much smaller and weaker than are often reported, but so too the purported risks. So, good news for the recreational user, who is mostly just worried about not getting cancer, but bad news for the patient who actually wants it to help their cancer. The only three benefits they could find “substantial evidence” for was as a treatment for “chronic pain in adults,” “chemo…-induced nausea and vomiting,” and relieving self-reported muscle tightness in patients with MS. Even archetypal medical marijuana indications, like glaucoma, failed to live up to expectations.

“Despite popular belief to the contrary, extensive research over decades has documented that marijuana is not effective in the management of clinical glaucoma,” a disease of increased pressure within the eyeball. I mean, it does lower pressure, but only for “about an hour.” And so, you’d have to smoke a dozen joints a day—and even if you did smoke those few thousand a year, your body gets used to it. And so, what little benefit there is disappears within a few months in most patients.

On the other hand, conspicuously missing from this list of adverse side effects of long-term or heavy use is any mention of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, like emphysema, which you can get from smoking tobacco. And similarly, it doesn’t look like smoking marijuana increases the risk of respiratory cancers, like lung cancer, or head and neck cancer—though cannabis may increase the risk of testicular cancer. There have been three studies so far on marijuana use and testicular cancer, appearing to increase risk about 50%—but only, it seems, for those smoking once a week or more, or for ten years or longer.

So, what did they conclude overall? Were they for legalization; opposed? Basically, they concluded, there simply isn’t enough research—”leaving patients, health care professionals, and policy makers without the evidence they need to make sound decisions” either way. Further: “This lack of evidence-based information…poses a public health risk.”

That’s one thing everyone on both sides can agree on: “the need for definitive clinical research.” Otherwise, we’re just left with “[a]necdotes,…blogs, and ad[s], which don’t “provide a sound basis for assessing the safety and efficacy of pharmacologic agents.” “Because cannabis is [just] a naturally occurring plant, and cannot be patented,” the pharmaceutical industry is MIA.

What we need are large clinical trials. Until then, we’re all just going to be “scratching our heads.” But, where’s the funding going to come from? For drug companies, interest in the plant is scant—where’s the payback?

Big Pharma is interested in “a reasoned approach,” however. “[T]he development of newer…cannabinoid modulators” in profitable pill form will, one day, writes this pharmacology professor, “make…the use of herbal cannabis a thing of the past.”

Please consider volunteering to help out on the site.

Icons created by Randomhero, Aly Dodds, Rockicon, Satisfactory, Pundimon, Nikita Kozin, and Pete Baker from The Noun Project.

Image credit: By Original uncropped image from Laurie Avocado (Cropped version of [1]) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)] via Wikimedia Commons. Image has been modified.

Motion graphics by Avocado Video.

Doctor's Note

I take full responsibility for the puns (‘twas no joint decision :). Anyone care to count? How many did I make it up to?

I have a whole treasure chest of cannabis videos that are going to be dribbling every month or so until the end of 2019. If you want to see them all now, I put them all in a DVD download

Check out all of the videos currently posted: 

And you can visit the marijuana topic page to see all of the latest published videos.

To help me continue to weed through the commercial interests and get to the truth, please consider making a tax-deductible donation.

If you haven’t yet, you can subscribe to my videos for free by clicking here.

225 responses to “The Institute of Medicine Report on the Health Effects of Marijuana

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    1. I checked out the site you linked and noted this: “Financial support for ScienceDaily comes from advertisements and referral programs, where indicated.”

      I personally prefer the annual fund drive model to ads and links that shoot me off to a different website.

        1. joe, if you click the sources link below each video you will see links to the published papers from various scientific journals. If the paper is listed under a pubmed link, you can see from which journal it was published and by whom. I think you have some peculiar misconceptions about this website and its objectives.

            1. Good try? The research papers that are examined on Nutrition facts .org come from the actual research itself. Hence why they are normally linked or cited at the bottom of all articles so you can read them yourself if you wish.

        2. Yep I saw that too, and I commend you for providing the link to the study or story reviewed in each article. The articles themselves are pretty narrow, however — just a single study per, or sometimes a review of a someone else’s article. I prefer a more in-depth look at the research.

      1. Go to adnauseam.io and load their browser pluggin. It clicks ads so you don’t have to and fills the corporate databases with garbage. We become the “GI” of “GIGO” (Garbage In, Garbage Out). It is such a threat to Google’s business model that they banned it from the Chrome App Store!

      1. There is nothing wrong with looking at both sites, I look at both also. One website is updated on a day to day basis-research is always evolving. A year from now you will want updated information on a topic.

        1. The research on this website becomes outdated quickly. There are tens of thousands of health related topics to cover. So covering one, then covering another, and so on would take decades to cover, then when will you get back to topics you covered years ago, still on the website and outdated? Most research is done because it is required to keep your job, so don’t take the research too seriously, its just information.

          1. joe is clearly a troll. This is one of the best sources for the best and latest scientific evidence. The topics covered do not become outdated because only relevant info is cited and when updates are made in the scientific community, Dr. Greger is exceptionally good at keeping us up to date.
            You’re making it way too obvious that you’re here just to tear at this site.

          2. That’s exactly what the cigarette, egg, beef and dairy industry want you to believe. Sound research never has an expiration date. It can only be disproved by better designed research. New research is not necessarily better. Dr. G filters out the noise of the poorly designed research and brings you the unbiased facts. Take note and live longer. Ignore him at your own risk. His only agenda is your good health and long life.

            Dr. Ben

            1. Dear Ben,

              What could I use instead of milk creamer in cannabis tea ( I received a prescription- in order to help me with muscle spasm).

              Apparently adding the milk creamer is essential as it binds the active ingredients. Without the creamer the active ingredients are reported to get stuck to the pan and cup.

              1. All the advise you’re getting sounds theoretical to me, but I’ll play along. All cannabinoids I’m aware of are non-polar which means they do not dissolve in water. The creamer has non-polar properties which is why it’s likely used. You could probably replicate this with a soy or almond creamer. Just verify that it has a significant amount of fat content on the label.

                Dr. Ben

                1. Thank you Ben. I checked the shops here in the Netherlands and didn’t find an alternative soy or almond milk creamer.( to small a market here i think). I do have almond, sunflower and pumpkin seed butter-might any of these be an alternative to milk creamer or the unavailable other creamers you mentioned?

                  Kind regards,

                  Gabriëlla

                    1. Thank you once again for your swift reply Ben.
                      I could only find an artificial plant based creamer online with coconut fat and other fat components of an undisclosed origin. I’ll use one of the almond, sunflower or pumpkin pastes. I rather not use coconut fat after watching Dr. Greger’s video on that topic.
                      Regards, Gabriëlla

                    2. Excellent choice. There is no unbiased evidence that I’ve seen that supports any notion that coconut oil is healthy. All the evidence I’ve seen points to the fact that it is unhealthy, as Dr. G has reported.

                      Dr. Ben

              1. As THC and it’s related compounds are not water soluble, it is likely very dangerous to inject it, not to mention that it wouldn’t be sterile, so it could also cause a fatal infection.

                Dr Ben

    2. Joe, was that an attempted jab at this website? My how sad and desperate. Donations as a rule are not required and they’re certainly not REQUIRED here. But because this is real science, time and effort with no ads, donations are appreciated when one can give them.
      Here’s a “donation” to you… some advice… you’re making yourself sound ridiculous. You’re welcome. Hope that was tax deductible.

      1. And joe, if you’re so unpleased with the fact that this free site accepts donations, why are you here instead of the place you’re reccomendimg? Sounds more like an attitutude problem than an actual concern.

        1. NutritionFacts.org has thankfully served me well for many years. Well sourced information…I sure wish I’d been able to meet Dr Greger when he spoke in London, UK earlier this year. My thoughts re NutritionFacts are as follows do YOUR OWN research, read all the articles on clinical test all over the world then share with us YOUR knowledge and your published works and possibly even a snapshot of your personal anecdotal information. If your not willing to communicate your reasoning for ‘bad mouthing’ NutritionFacts. you quite obviously must be with PERFECT health with alittle too much negative time to your hands. Please check out the FREE amazing well sourced information shared. I hope to next month be able to support NutritionFacts through donation. PRICELESS just priceless and
          book ‘how not to die’ is an amazing read
          I shall stop rambling now. Keep on keepin’ on

    3. The linked source is full of advertisement. The majority of articles are posted by “journalists” attempting to push information in a disjointed fashion. There is no perspective of time or relation to the body of scientific evidence. Caveat emptor. What is truly free may be of better value than that funded by industry. Transparency is key. Funding this website and the endeavors of Dr. Gregor and associates would qualify in my humble opinion as “PRICELESS”.

    4. No donation or subscription required here. Dr Greger goes to the trouble of reading peer reviewed studies based on independent research and summarising it here. Just because you don’t like what the research says doesn’t make it wrong stoner, scientists dedicated their time to these and kept to the basics of scientific research vs your I guess, recon or hope.

  1. Donations are never required, but they are appreciated to keep this nonprofit running (and without ads or corporate sponsors!)

    1. Happy holidays Kate Porigow, Dr. Greger and the rest of the volunteers.
      My wish for all is an abundance of love and joy, not only in the coming week but for the years to come.
      Michael

  2. Did you look into the possible cause of marijuana triggering mental illness in growing brains, teens who smoke, even young adults in
    their 20’s? Lots and lots of people who claim their mental illness was triggered directly from smoking pot, and that their mental state
    go sooooooo much better once they stopped for good. I have not seen science to say it is a cause, maybe just correlated with, but
    red flags are out their, lots of them.

    Maybe not all humans process pot in a way that makes it harmless to mental illness being triggered.

      1. I have been subscribing to ScienceDaily for years. It is a wonderful resource.

        The point is, though, that all it really does is republish media releases and summaries from third parties. There is no, or at least very little, attempt to place the reported study or paper in any kind of context. For example, when an observational study delivers findings which conflict with, say, RCTs and/or known mechanisms of action, this caveat is often not mentioned. Nutritionfacts doesn’t just report studies – it does a “on the one hand” and “on the other hand” analysis of multiple studies before suggesting a possible conclusion about a particular topic. And then corrects this conclusion later if new facts come to light, as it did with hibiscus tea.

        ScienceDaily is not a substitute for NutritionFacts. When looking at it, it needs to be borne in mind that it contains many studies funded by industry and agenda driven organisations. The very latest study may well not be the best study. It may just be the latest attempt by industry or other group to promote their particular agenda.

    1. 2-3% of population is born with genes for schizophrenia. Cannabis triggers first schizophrenic outbreak in a fraction of people with this gene..the major drug of abuse impacting mental illness, in general, is still alcohol.the best way to treat abuse of any drug from alcohol to marijuana is to have one uniform legal standard. Otherwise politics, phobia and misinformation effect public knowkedge.

  3. I’m curious if regular old trash weed cannabis has the same effect as no THC medical cannabis?? In other words if medical cannabis relieves your symptoms does regular old trash weed cannabis do the same thing??
    mitch

    1. There are many forms of medical cannabis and only pure CBD oil etc, extracted usually from industrial hemp, contains virtually no THC. Most of it though does contain varying amounts up to quite a lot of THC. Even the so called CBD strains are just called that due to relatively high CBD content but still contain THC in up to fairly large amounts.

      1. Thank you for writing about CBD, and thank you Dr. Greger for talking about this topic. I wonder about the research with medical marijuana and seizure disorders.

      2. I use a cbd oil with 40 % cbd and 10 % thc. Is that good or bad?. It has helpt me so much with my insomnia. Should I use a cbd oil without thc?

        1. THC and cannabinoids are drugs, so should only be used as a last resort. Your best choice would be to eat a WFPB diet, get just enough whole body sun exposure to verifiably (with blood tests) get your vitamin D levels normalized and get enough B12. You will also need adequate daily exercise. If you still have insomnia, there could be underlying psychological issues that are the cause. These can be addressed by a psychologist that is an expert in “sleep hygiene.” You can also read about and practice good sleep hygiene as well. A “sleep study” may also be needed and can be ordered by your doctor, to find out if there are other treatable issues such as obstructive sleep apnea or heavy snoring that are interfering with sleep. Ingesting drugs like THC and cannabinoids would be the last resort after you have exhausted all other options as listed above.

          Dr. Ben

    2. Medical cannabis has THC unless it is specifically made that way – probably from hemp, which is related, but not the same plant.

      The good old cannabis from the 1970s was mellow. They have bred it now to produce so much more THC that I can’t handle it at all. I would be driving to, say, a medical appointment. About every three minutes I’d think, hmm, where am I going? Oh yes, to see the doctor. This would keep happening the whole time. I didn’t drive much in those days, and there wasn’t much traffic on my route. It’s a good thing.

      I was using it medically following breast cancer treatment and I was always in a bit of a haze. Then one morning I got up and I was so stoned I couldn’t do anything but sit in the recliner for three days! Yikes! No, thanks! That was the end of my medical cannabis adventure.

      However, I do think it has helped many people and I’m happy that many states now allow medical cannabis. My state has recreational cannabis as well, but I’m not sure how that has impacted things.

    3. Does “trash weed” actually exist or do you refer to non-psychoactive industrial hemp? As I understand, the weed today, call it trash or primo…is said to be sooo very much stronger than what was being used in the 70’s, so how can there be trash or weak forms unless you’re speaking of hemp? And I was surprised this report doesn’t even get into the CBD, non psychoactive form of cannabinoids, although I’m sure the 1,000’s of reports must.

    4. Yes and No. People have been smoking marijuana for ages to treat various diseases. But it is not precise and probably does not have the proper concentration. But the cannabis pill is extract of the exact strain inside the marijuana plant and growing them differently produces different strains.

      1. Growing them differently does not produce different strains. Different strains with origins from all over the world exist. These strains have varying growing requirements and produce varying levels of THC among other things. Please order some cannabis literature rather than spread misinformation.

  4. Listening to the first 49 seconds of this (on .75 speed to miss anything) I count 18 punny pot metaphors. Dr. G has always been funny but this is a new high.

    1. Personally, I would try things like 5 htp, ashwagandha, melantonin, saffron… et al for insomnia.

      Not sure if it is yet possible to get it, but there is anecdotal evidence that something called scyllo-inositol in very small doses (50 milligrams dissolved in a quart of distilled water, and further cut to a 5:2 ratio of distilled water to product and dispensed at a two to four drops dose in any liquid two or three times a week) can be helpful in the case of PTSD type of symptoms.

      The individual in question believed he dwelled less on the past in a negative way and concentrated on the present and the future more positively after taking the product. Took it initially as a brain health self-treatment. Reports he rarely takes the potion anymore as things are going so well he no longer feels the need. Also because he gets the feeling he too easily forgets the past when taking the “treatment.”

      Scyllo-inositol is something that exists naturally in alkaline soils, but in tiny amounts and so is not very available even in crops grown in said soils. As he remembers, there were cautions against this product becoming available in the public domain for usage.

      He merely brings this to attention here in order to suggest it may be something worth pursuing as a clinical trial for those unfortunate individuals who actually have PTSD.

      Oh, and don’t ask how he came into possession of such a product as he won’t tell.

  5. I don’t think much research has been done yet on Simpson’s Oil aka Cannabis Oil which is a super concentrated, solvent extracted resin. It has massive amounts of both CBD and THC as well as the other cannabiniods and terpenes and a lot of people are using it to treat cancer. I personally know two who claim complete remissions. You have to take enough to knock out a charging rhino, and take it daily for several months as first course of treatment. (The side effects certainly beat those of conventional chemo!) As with any herb, when you do a solvent extraction and remove everything but the active constituents in highly concentrated form, the effects can change significantly. The product becomes far more drug like that plant like. I would love to see some solid research on this extract vs cancer.

    1. I am sure you have seen the docu-series “The Sacred Plant” what about research in other countries and the success stories reported? It seems whole Plant including THC is what maybe helpful/ healthful. Thanks for all your research! And yes, the puns were smile producing .

      1. I loved that series but it is sad though that his wife just died of pancreatic cancer. Her taking of daily CBD oil and their access to all the treatment facilities still wasn’t able to help her. But that is a nasty cancer.

  6. Hi Dr. Greger.

    I watch all your videos on youtube, and I just got your cookbook and made the lentil dal. Delicious!

    In regards to cannabis, I use edibles for pain management. (My L4 and L5 discs are disintegrating). I quit smoking 40 years ago, and didn’t want to smoke cannabis. The jellies work better than any painkillers, which I can’t take because of intolerance to them. Anecdotal I know, but ask anyone who uses cannabis for pain management and I think you will get the same answer. Also, I take CBD not THC so I avoid getting “stoned!”

    Been plant based since May and lost 26 pounds without starving and my hubby has lost 16 pounds and is off his type 2 meds. I am 70.

    Keep up the good work!

    Cheers

    Sue

  7. Dr Greyer

    I remember many years ago a study came out stating that the development if Hunan brain was not complete until she 26 and that smoking marajuana could negatively impact brain development. Can you find that study and yiyr thoughts!, From your video here the juror still out as to its safety but human brain development maybe negatively impacted ?,

    1. I remember many years ago a study came out stating that the development if Hunan brain was not complete until she 26

      I too, remember reading years ago something to that effect in females but didn’t remember the marijuana reference. Still, it makes sense that if the brain hasn’t fully developed, it has to be affected in some way.

      It leaves me wondering how different a person might have turned out had they not been exposed. Still, you can’t raise a child in a bubble and they have to in some sense find their own way. But they should be armed with the best knowledge available of potential consequences if they do go out on a limb, so to speak.

    2. I know a few teenagers who have been smoking marijuana since they were 13 years of age, and now they have severe learning problems with short term memory deficits. Plus, they have no motivation to do anything productive. So, not all pot smoking teenages turn out this way, but a lot of them do. So, what happens to a nation when a great majority of these pot heads become adults who are suppose to lead this country and defend this country from China, Russia, Iran, and North Korea where drug use is severely punished? I’ll tell you what is going to happen. Russia is going to kick our ass.

      1. John, I have known numerous teenagers who drank mil daily all their lives and they now have severe learning disabilities and short term memory deficits. Also they have no motivation. Not all milk drinkers end up like this, but a great many of them do.
        Sound foolish? It is as valid as your anecdote.

        1. Scientific studies prove that smoking marijuana during the teenage years has a detrimental effect on brain development. Every city that has legalized recreational marijuana and medicinal marijuana has experienced a large surge in emergency room admissions. Plus, the number of car accidents have increased in these cities. Take those facts and put them in your pipe.

      2. John, you should know that 11 of our former Presidents including Lincoln and Reagan had smoked weeds.

        https://hightimes.com/culture/11-us-presidents-who-smoked-marijuana/

        The future is bleak and there are a lot of problems but it is no dire as you imagine.

        I am just guessing that you are a kind of guy who has everything gone well in your life and you don’t have to work very hard. Now you sit in front of a TV and watch Fox news and dream about the good old days and imagine things around you.

        You probably never work in the tech and import/export areas and never understood that a lot of things that you use daily came from immigrants, Without them, you won’t have the kale and broccoli to eat and computer chips to power the PC where you type garbages everyday. Have you seen the teams who invented the computer chips or people working at Google, Apple, Intel, etc. More than 50% or sometimes 95% are immigrants, FYI.

        Yes the immigration needs to be controlled but it is not as simple as building a wall.

        1. In 30 years, native Christian Englishmen living in England will be the minority. The majority will be sharia law loving people who will take control over the British government. In 50 years, Sharia law loving people will dominate most of Europe except for Poland, Russia, Hungary, and Slovakia. Jerry your Sharia Law loving immigrants will subjugate you and they will subjugate your children and your grandchildren. Sharia law loving people have a minimum of 4 children. Men who have multiple wives sometimes have up to 15 or 20 children. People living in western countries have an average of 1.5 children. Jerry either you convert or become subjugated.
          You probably didn’t know that did you because you are to busy typing garbage on the internet all day long.

          1. John, you are funny. You are probably never out of your house let alone travelled and lived in Europe. I know the problem in England and Sharia law practice in England and across Europe very well. It’s a problem of pretending to be liberal and respect of other cultures, even the bad parts. But don’t mix it up with what’s going on in the U.S. and in particular the legalization of marijuana, in particular for medical purposes.

            1. Jerry, it is all intertwined with ramifications. This is it in a nut shell.

              Smoking marijuana WILL become fashionable, well accepted, and children

              and teenagers will on a larger scale than now start smoking it, eating it, sharing it, partying with it,

              selling it, and advocating it. The result is that you will have a totally

              lost generation that will be non-competitive with the Russians, Chinese,

              and the Islamic Caliphate which has no borders but is embedded in

              countries around the world. By the way, I lived in Europe for many

              years. I speak Russian and German, and some Spanish. So, projecting

              into the future, say the year 2050 when Sharia Law will be the law of the

              land in England, France, Sweeden, and some other countries. The

              people in the United States making decisions and in key positions will

              not have the brain power to compete with its enemies because they

              grew up in a drug culture, an open border culture, a progressive culture

              that suppresses nationalism, religion, and morality. A country is only

              as good as the people that live in it and rule it. Sharia countries have

              a single mind set and are dead set upon subjugating non-Sharia people.

              The big question is when Sharia people take over the reigns of power in

              England, France, and Germany in 2050 will they use all of the nuclear

              stock piles in these European countries to further their goals. The answer

              is of course they will. In the west their is no political will to stop the spread

              of Sharia. Even if there was political will, it cannot be stopped because of

              the huge birth explosion Sharia people are having. Think about it. One

              Sharia man with 4 wives can easily have 20 children. Exponential math

              simply equates to a huge Sharia population in Europe in no time at all.

              Every year that passes you can see a huge up tick in violence in England,

              Germany, France, and Sweden. It’s happening. It’s coming.

              Russia has a large Sharia population, but Putin keeps the lid on the

              boiling pot with an iron fist….just like Tito kept Yugoslavia together as

              a single unit while he was alive. America is totally divided and becoming

              more divided each year…….over a period of time, a divided nation cannot compete with a

              nation that has a single purpose of success like Putin’s Russia.

              But, divided America is not only competing with the Big Bear, but also

              trying to compete with China, and then the amorphous Sharia law

              movement is competing politically, religiously, and physically against

              the west. A nation divided cannot stand. Everything may seem rosey

              right now….but this is just the quiet before the storm.

              1. John, you are mixing up the legalization of marijuana mainly for medical purposes, with Islam and ISIS to strole some fear. There is no more to argue with a fear monger.

                FYI, legalizing marijuana does not make more people to become drug addicts. Show to me the evidences and statistics from states that already legalized marijuana.

  8. Looking forward to evidence about cannabis as a culinary herb e.g. eaten, infused etc. rather than smoked.

    Also, comment on the health impacts of failing to quash the prison sentences of people imprisoned only for cannabis sale & use.

  9. The cannabis health benefits controversy brings to mind that it is the season for SAD (seasonal affective disorder.)

    I’m all for medical marijuana as it may be helpful to certain diseases, or at least may be a multiplier of the Placebo Effect. As a recreational drug I would prefer to avoid those chronic users as I think they exhibit an inability to face up to life and (in my thinking, at least) a lack of will to rationally work their way out of whatever slights or difficulties they may encounter.

    I just wish they were more like people who get tattoos. They at least brand themselves as someone who I prefer to not befriend. With a cannabis user, you may not know it by anything other than the smell until you have established being acquainted with them. Not saying such a person is necessarily dangerous other than the risk of association… it is still against the law in most of the Country.

    As for the SAD therapy of bright lights, I wonder if saffron might be a less restrictive therapy than the stationary bright light one? But that could only be proved by a study which we don’t have… until… some time in the future?

    1. “As a recreational drug I would prefer to avoid those chronic users as I think they exhibit an inability to face up to life…”

      That’s because you’ve bought into the canard that the effects of cannabis are similar to those of alcohol. It’s a false equivalence. In fact the effects of the two substances as regards facing life are contrary. Alcohol numbs it, allowing escape. Cannabis puts your life directly in your face — making escape all but impossible. People go through their lives asleep as to what they’re doing with their lives. Cannabis wakes them up.
      All studies have been on physical effects. None on psychological effects. “Recreational” use of cannabis is all about psychological effects. When will the scientific community get curious about what such users find so interesting about Cannabis?

      1. People go through their lives asleep as to what they’re doing with their lives. Cannabis wakes them up.

        Just basing my statement on admittedly, an old experience where a guy that was a somewhat fringe member of the small crowd I sometimes ran with (and containing a few occasional smokers and some non-smokers as well)… anyway, that guy became dependent on weed to handle life.

        Ended up losing his job and moved away, so I don’t know what may or may have not been his end result. But I do believe I noticed changes over time in him away from his personae.

        1. Pot affects different people in different ways. Some can use a lot and stay stoned continuously.

          Others “wake up” and can get paranoid.

          Some people go through life almost asleep…others are more awake…at least now and then.

          I’d like to see research on these differences.

          I’d also like to see more research “controlled” for IQ…in other words…IQ tested and factored “in” or “out” vs various conclusions.

    2. They need to come up with a hat with a full spectrum light in it, or maybe some kind of glasses, so you don’t have to sit there with the light every morning.

      I was depressed for most of my life, but 5HTP and later L Tryptophan cured me. I rarely take either now, but if I have a sad day for no apparent reason I take it for a couple of days and voila! My emotional sun comes right out.

      By the way, we’re always excited to see the days begin growing longer after the solstice. Today, in my latitude, we get an extra three SECONDS of daylight! Yippee!!!

      1. but 5HTP and later L Tryptophan cured me. I rarely take either now, but if I have a sad day for no apparent reason I take it for a couple of days and voila! My emotional sun comes right out.

        I seldom go to bed without taking a 5 HTP, a small saffron capsule, and a Naringin capsule and occasionally some melatonin drops in water. Not for insomnia but for a good sound sleep. But maybe it also contributes to my sonny-boy disposition. ‘-)

        Still on occasion, I may listen to a sad song. The resulting melancholy is almost therapeutic and leaves me quieter in my thoughts and mood. Not sad… just thoughtful. One of the best songs I find for entering this realm is Auld Lang Syne. The version I have is done in a Scottish accent.

  10. “Basically, they concluded, there simply isn’t enough research…”
    And therefore
    “This lack of evidence-based information…poses a public health risk.”

    The last statement shows their bias. Yes there’s a lack of evidence-based information (i.e. research) but one would only consider that a public health risk if one had concluded apriori that cannabis is harmful. What if the lack of evidence-based information means that we don’t know how good it is for you? What about the psychological benefits of getting high on cannabis? After all, people do get high primarily for that reason. That hasn’t been studied. So the conclusion shows bias in advance of research, which is not good science.

    1. Dr G did a 3 hour seminar on cannabis a short time ago. He said all the information on it will eventually be on this site, so hold your horses. There’s lots, lots, lots more to come.

    2. Chemo has serious side effects and risks but when one has cancer then one has to weigh in the risks of doing chemo or doing no treatment for cancer.

      Similarly, no one should consume cannabis like consuming kale on a regular basis, but when you treat a medical condition then you have to weigh in the risks of using cannabis versus the diseases and see which one is more harmful.

    1. Thanks for your great question. Dr. Greger has not done a lot on marijuana. We are more focused on food and nutrition. He recommends to best place to go for topics he hasn’t covered is pubmed.gov. I did look there a bit, and there does seem to be a good amount on memory and marijuana, but I didn’t see anything on dementia. That may not have been properly studied yet.
      There is definitely data suggesting marijuana impairs memory. For example:
      https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23138434

      NurseKelly
      NutritionFacts Moderator.

    2. Penny I don’t think think that anybody knows the answer to your question for sure. Certainly, there is some evidence that cannabis use results in memory and other cognitive impairments but whether this is just a short term effect that would stop after use is discontinued, or permanent damage, is not really known.

      Various cannabis products have been used to treat certain symptoms of dementia eg agitation. However, it appears that regular marijuana use reduces blood flow to the brain which might facilitate the long term development of (vascular or Alzheimer’s) dementia:

      “Multiple brain regions show low perfusion on SPECT in marijuana users. The most predictive region distinguishing marijuana users from healthy controls, the hippocampus, is a key target of Alzheimer’s disease pathology. This study raises the possibility of deleterious brain effects of marijuana use.”
      https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-alzheimers-disease/jad160833

      “Using marijuana raises the vascular risks of stroke and heart failure, major risk factors leading to vascular dementia. Even after accounting for demographic factors, other health conditions and lifestyle risk factors such as smoking and alcohol use, the data is compelling, according to research being presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 66th Annual Scientific Session.”
      http://www.alzheimersweekly.com/2017/04/marijuana-vascular-dementia.html

      Of course, there is stronger evidence linking both tobacco and alcohol use with dementia risk but cannabis use is not risk-free it seems.

  11. Has anyone ever looked at US patent number 6630507? It is a patent held by the US government concluding that cannabinoids are antioxidant and nueroprotectant. It’s worth a gander, I highly recommend you check it out…

  12. Thanks for approaching the topic.

    As marijuana continues to be included on the Schedule 1 list of drugs for which the federal government, in its profound wisdom, finds to have a high potential for abuse, with no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States and the use of such drug is unsafe, even under medical supervision, there have been few studies when the possession of the drug can put the possessor in federal prison.

    Potential benefits of psychedelic drugs for the treatment of alcoholism and other disorders were anticipated years ago, but the propaganda war that dropped over the US in the 1960s and 1970s, turned any potential benefit to a pipe dream, impossible to investigate scientifically without risking imprisonment.

    On the Schedule 1 list, in addition to marijuana, are such disparate drugs as heroin, LSD, mescaline, psilocybin and Ecstasy. Nowhere does one find alcohol or tobacco on the list. Federal drug policy is political, not scientific. If you’re unaware of the history of federal special prohibitions, there’s a plethora of well documented histories of the criminalization of previously legal activity that would make a Puritan blush. To outlaw alcohol, they had to go the route of constitutional amendment; to outlaw these substances, the Nixon administration signed the Controlled Substance Act of 1970, avoiding all the hard and dirty, constitutional, work.

    With the money coming into this new agri-business, funding for studies will likely soon become available.
    In the meantime, how appropriate is it that we continue to imprison people for what they chose to ingest? Chew on that, please.

    1. In the meantime, how appropriate is it that we continue to imprison people for what they chose to ingest?

      I certainly agree with you that a user should not be imprisoned… however I do think their use should be made a part of the very public record so a future employer or otherwise interested party should be able to know they are users.

      As for the laws being written strictly, I think that is necessary to have a proper punishment for the sellers who often push other drugs as well. They intentionally try to get people hooked and dependent on them for supply, and I think they should have the risk of jail time vs the reward of easy money.

      1. I think driving safety is a much more urgent concern than employer knowledge. I don’t smoke but have, and once tried playing the game “outburst” (kind of like taboo) with a group of high individuals… It was hilarious. That was the most intilectual thing I ever tried doing while high and I remember how much slower my brain worked – definitely not a quality one wants to take with them on the road.

        1. Full disclosure, I tried marijuana a couple of times (the girl I was going with in the pack I ran with at the time smoked and I wasn’t going to let her think I was “square.”)

          And to your point of driving safety, alcohol was my drug of choice for many years and I remember a few instances where impaired driving could have ended up with me in prison for a long stretch due to being the cause of vehicular homicide close calls.

          That led me to (after I grew out of my drinking phase) suggest in a blog I once wrote that the govt. should lower the amount of alcohol in any spirits sold in the U.S.

          Other than the people trying to get “high” on alcoholic drinks, I don’t think many would notice a lower alcohol threshold as other than a “take your breath away” due to high alcohol brain-cell-damaging content, I don’t think taste is so much affected.

          But I do think an employer has a right to know about cannabis behaviour, and can then inquire about the circumstance and then decide if they want to invest the time and money to train and pay the applicant with confidence they will not be a problem.

          1. I can see where it would be relevant to some jobs whereas other jobs, it would be safe to just pay attention to how well they do their job. It would be interesting to see the difference between brain cell damage from drinking vs. smoking.

    2. Great post! The new California law removes past marijuana offenses from people’s records and provides money for research, environmental restoration, and drug treatment.

  13. I have been studying medical cannabis for a while now and your article didnt even touch on the research that i have been learning from. Your source for the article has much to be desired. I would like to point the good Dr. to the real researchers and scientist etc that are helping people all over the world with this magical and sacred plant. In the west we get brain washed from the gov. that cannabis is bad , if you trust the gov. for your health , i pray for you, Happy Holidays to All……

      1. But it’s highly processed one Jerry. At least usually. So it’s not really a whole food.

        In any case, there are also plants like Deadly Nightshade (belladonna), oleander, hemlock, castorbeans (ricin) and tobacco. Plus poisonous mushrooms (fungi but let’s lump them in with plant). Just because something is a whole plant, it doesn’t mean WFPB advocates automatically support its consumption. That is a very peculiar argument.

    1. Great. List away.

      I have a good friend who has avoided serious anti-seizure meds for his epilepsy with the help of CBD oils. He knows lots of folks who also depend on medical-grade cannibis products for their chronic cponditions.
      Would love to see research to support the anecdotal evidence.

  14. They didnt catch the cancer in time, by the time they knew what she had it was a little to late, and yes the cancer she had is one if the hardest to combat, the late dr. Nicholas Gonzales had a track record of helping more people combat that cancer than any other institute, he was also one of the brightest and most knowledgeable dr. of our time! We lost a great man…….

    1. The New York Times obituary says that Dr. Gonzalez died of a sudden unexpected death. The article said that he was very successful in treating advanced cancer patients. I keep on wondering why his death was “sudden” and “unexpected”.

        1. There are also 502 prescription drugs that affect the QT interval and which I cannot take. There are also many OTC drugs I cannot take such as Advil and aspirin. I’ll trust the specialists. I’ve been in heart failure. I do not want to go there again.

          | J.F.Rulifson@gmail.com | +1.650.924.2758 |

          1. Breathe into your heart, Jeff. Breathe into your heart. Or rather, let the Breath of Life fill your heart, for you are being breathed. Accept the gift. Every breath you take is a gift of Love. You are loved. Did you know the word Spirit means Breath?

    2. Before you believe all the incredible claims about or rather BY Gonzales, why not ask where is the scientific evidence? His “cure” apparently did not work – it may eve have hastened patients’ death

      The internet is awash with claims of suppressed miracle cures for cancer by all sorts of people and using all manner of treatments. Most of them are total hooey as far as I can make out. For some different views of Gonzales see eg

      “Conclusion: Among patients who have pancreatic cancer, those who chose gemcitabine-based chemotherapy survived more than three times as long (14.0 v 4.3 months) and had better quality of life than those who chose proteolytic enzyme [Gonzalez’s] treatment.”
      https://sciencebasedmedicine.org/gonzalez-regimen-for-cancer-of-the-pancreas-even-worse-than-we-thought-part-i-results/

      https://www.quackwatch.org/01QuackeryRelatedTopics/Cancer/kg.html
      http://skepdic.com/gonzalez.html

  15. As a long term fan of Dr. Greger’s puns, I have to say that was the most sustained and outstanding output of puns yet.

    As an aside, I also appreciated the balanced examination of the evidence.

  16. So wait, was it suggested that the smoke inhalation is safer than tobacco? It kind of came across as if to suggest the smoke inhalation of marijuana is harmless, but I’m really distracted right now and while I watched so perhaps my interpretation is off.

    Not surprised the benefits are far less than purported considering there’s so many that claim it cures just about everything lol.

    I’d like to know more about hemp SEEDS personally.

    1. I wasn’t looking at the price when I bought some….I can tell you they are expensive…are crunchy and have little taste. Fairly pointless IMO.

      1. Bugs, I disagree about flavor, they have a very nutty taste and make really good and easy to make plant milk. Of course the bulk section ones at Whole Foods don’t taste as good to me… I think Terrasoul sells them in bulk so I’ll try there to start saving money.
        I appreciate their protein content and their exceptionally high magnesium content as well as being a source of SDA and GLA and high in omega 3s. I use them for these reason and would love to see more extensive research on them and learn about their antioxidant levels :)

  17. I’d also be interested in research in medicinal mushroom as there are claims and some research out there about them working well for people with mental disorders such as various anxiety disorders and OCD.

    1. I think Medical Ecstasy is the new Medical Marijuana for mental disorders, including autism. I think there has been some research done on this.

      1. Based on my brief understanding of ecstasy, it uses up serotonin in excess and causes depression later in life, also not a natural drug but rather made in a lab which would make it a more likely candidate for studies as more money could be made off of it. From what I’ve briefly heard of medicinal mushrooms, it may positively (under the right dosage) effect brain chemistry to a lasting degree.

        I do not care for IFLScience but I never saved the links where I read about this a year or so ago, so here’s this piece: http://www.iflscience.com/brain/magic-mushroom-chemical-hyper-connects-brain/

        1. Yes, it would be dose dependent to treat with MDMA, I believe is the acronym. I googled it and some of the things I learned was that it has been tried in the past as a treatment and can cause long term problems. But it seems cutting the dose way down can possibly be useful.

          When I went to your mushroom link, the first thing that came to mind was synesthesia. The color enhancement by the mushrooms is different to the seeing the color red when you think of a certain number, but maybe in some way connected.

          It just occurred to me… the big thing in content creation nowadays is HDR, or High Dynamic Range, to capture a wider color gamut. Maybe exhibitors should begin including Magic Mushrooms with HDR capable TV sets, so the viewer can take in all the colors on screen. ‘-)

  18. I am wondering about the effects on the brain, because I know a few people who have lost their minds after years of use.

    Also, I read a study in England about it being bad for heart patients, and I know someone who took medical marijuana and passed out at the place and they sent him home and he ended up in the ER an hour later, dying and being brought back and needing a pacemaker, but they wouldn’t “count” it as a medical marijuana problem.

    They were adamant about it couldn’t be the marijuana and there is nobody keeping track of incidents like that. It was his pre-existing conditions.

    I get that it really was his pre-existing conditions, but if I had put him on a treadmill and had him run for three hours and it happened then, they would be looking at the behavior, not just saying, “It’s his pre-existing condition.”

    When I told the story to someone, they had the same type of story. Exactly the same.

    The doctors are politicized to want it legalized and want it to be safer than it is, was my thought.

    I also do worry about the car crash.

    My electrician came after finishing my house and he was excited about it being legalized, because he wanted to use it. Then, I went to a Thanksgiving party after that and all of the professionals were psyched about using it. It makes people passive and might kill some brain cells was enough to make me not want anything to do with it, so that is my bias, but I never want to be in a plane or train or automobile with someone who is a user and I never want to use an electrician or doctor who uses. The list goes on and on.

    1. I agree there are enough data against the safety of marijuana to not legalize it to the masses. Like you, I don’t want to be on the same road with someone high on the drug.

      I think anyone who does a study on the effects of marijuana should disclose if they are a user of the drug to help us decipher if they could hold a bias for a favorable outcome for the study.

    2. I have to chuckle at the assumption that professionals aren’t using. I do know a few old farts who have been daily users for decades and have successful careers. They aren’t really high at work; just an attitude adjustment as they say.
      Not for me, howerever, but I don’t judge.

    3. America is doomed. We are slowly becoming pot heads, opiod junkies, alcoholics, cocain users, and many people are now turning to that strange vine in the Jungles of South America which the local witch doctors use to connect to the “spirit” world, or as some have said the “demon” world. I can’t remember the name of this vine, but it is starting to become popular with Americans. They take these tours down to Peru where it is legal and consume some kind of witch’s brew and then they are able to communicate with the “demon” world. America, the land of luxury, will fall just like Rome did. The Russians, Iranians, Chinese, and North Koreans are standing by. We will fall within, just like Rome did.

    4. People don’t just become drug users because it’s now legalized. The people who are happy that it is now legalized, already used drugs.

  19. “I would like to know the impact on one’s memory from smoking marijuana. Does it contribute to dementia?”

    Have seen it used to abate Alzheimer’s though some recreational users have said they stopped using due to memory loss. Different effects for different people depending on age? health condition at time of use? concurrent use with other drugs or substances incldg. alcohol? frequency of use? quantity? forms used – smoking, tincture, oil, etc. ? Might even be affected by foods/beverages consumed at time of use? hydration level? presence of other medical conditions? … so many factors to consider !

  20. The dementia question is one of mine, though the people I am thinking of were young people and genuinely had a change in brain function and behavior in ways that I don’t know whether they will recover from. People joked they fried their brains and wondered if they someone laced their pot with something stronger, but either way, they were in their twenties and seriously changed personality and went mentally ill in almost a psychotic way. Maybe they had mental issues that somehow got exposed, but there was a before and after personality and pot was the in between factor.

    I also know a young man who has a diagnoses of schizophrenia and it came after pot usage. They said that he probably started using, because of the mental illness, and that might be, but his descent came directly after a few years of pot smoking and he never was the same after.

    I always suspected that the fact he had no nutrition might even be contributing to his mental health issues and would have loved to see him get some Omega 3’s and B Vitamins to see if that made a difference, but the pot came with munchies for the wrong things.

    I laugh, because I know so many people who smoked pot when I was young and not one of them got the munchies for kale.

    1. The pot that is sold in the street is laced with chemicals to make people more addicted and high. From what I heard from people who used the right kind, it is not addictive. Not the recreational marijuana that is sold legally at state dispensaries where it is legalized.

      Of course smoking is never good but from what I heard from cancer patients, sometimes you use the pill and sometime you smoke to be effective. OK you will die of your existing cancer before lung cancer, so which one do you choose?

      And cannabis has 2 parts, the part that makes you high and the other part that does not make you high. Initially they only use the part that does not make people high for medical purpose but soon find out that sometime the part that makes people high is more effective.

    2. I know of others who directly implicate smoking marijuana as the cause of their mental illness,
      and mental breakdowns. Very clear to them that this drug caused the mental illness. It is likely
      that not all humans are immune to the potential side effects of this drug. I also know of Ivy league
      doctors, and other psych doctors who are greatly concerned about this issue, the possible direct
      cause of smoking weed triggering schizophrenia later in life.

      1. This is not hypothesis or conjecture. It is fact as has been shown in clinical studies, especially in adolescents. THC and cannabinoids are psychoactive drugs with risks. The fact that they are “natural” provides no safety. The mushrooms growing on your front lawn are “all natural” and will likely kill you within 15 minutes after swallowing one bite.

        Dr. Ben

  21. The puns were great. Definitely too many to count. Since pot will be legal in Canada on or before July 1, 2018, maybe a study can be done here.

  22. Many marijuana users loss their motivation to work in the business world and succeed. Heavy users have problems with short term memory loss. Cities that have legalized marijuana have a large increase of people coming to the emergency room. I predict that marijuana will become legalized in all 50 states in time because of the profit in it for the state to collect taxes. The old Indian chief Geronomo had a vision when he was in captivity by the cavalry. He said that he saw the downfall of the United States because of the power of marijuana. Probably, most young people smoke marijuana……the future of America……pot heads.

    1. I used to think the same way about marijuana until the state where I like legalized it. I visited one of the dispensaries and see that it is tightly regulated. Yes they sell some recreational marijuana but most of them are for medical purposes. I see special cannabis made for each ailment, from simple issues like heachache and insomnia to something more serious such as cancer. They check the marijuana for any sign of chemical or non organic and reject if it has.

      There is a coworker of mine who treated her cancer by smoking marijuana whenever her cancer came back before it became legal and she survived her cancer for more than 30 years and she is still alive and well today at age 60+.

      1. The freedom to benefit the few who have cancer with marijuana by legalizing it will eventually be harmful to the majority as law enforcement becomes more lax with time, as smoking marijuana becomes ever so popular, as when they start advertising marijuana on TV, in magazines, as entertainers start to endorse marijuana. The Russians, Chinese, and leaders of Muslim countries KNOW how drugs effect a nation. They have no tolerance, because they want a highly effective population to work and manage industry, government, science, transportation, and commerce. This is why the president of the Phillippines has ruled with an IRON HAND against people selling and using drugs in the Phillipines. He sees the young generation of the Phillipines no longer motivated to take care of their grand parents. He sees these young people no longer wanting to work and to become productive citizens of the Phillipines.

        Most people on this forum will not be here in the next 50 years, neither will America As You Know It.

        1. Marijuana is the mildest among the drugs including FDA approved narcotic drugs and painkillers.

          You have to visit a State marijuana dispensary to see what kind of control they have. People are on drug no matter if drug is legalized or not.

          1. Of course people are on drugs no matter what the law is,

            but as drugs become more acceptable and the laws become

            more lenient, and smoking marijuana becomes more “cool”

            you will see the American population become less competitive

            with the Russian population. Russia is already making great

            economics ties with Eastern Europe because of Gazprom which

            is the largest producer of energy and gas in Europe. Russia is

            building more pipe lines into Europe. Sanctions have actually

            helped Russia to become more independent in manufacturing

            ship engines and other critical machinery. They are also becoming

            more independent on food production and have increased their

            imports to India, China, and other countries. I have studied the

            Russian language for 20 years now and I study their culture and

            economy, and they will kick American Ass as Americans become

            more, and more, and more drug dependent. When they kick our

            ass, you won’t have any more legal drug dispensaries…..there will

            be a place for you in the coal mines.

  23. While the U.S. sticks its head in the sand, Israel is about to become the global leader in marijuana medical research. I read that the U.S. NIH is funding secretly the Israeli to do research due to the politics in this country. And you know that Israel is no dummy to do research on something that has no potential.

    https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/articles/2017-04-11/israel-is-a-global-leader-in-marijuana-research

    Cannabis also is a bipartisan issue in Israel. Some of the biggest proponents of legalization are right-wing politicians, such as Sharren Haskel, who led the successful push for the recent decriminalization of marijuana.

    Haskel’s explanation for bipartisan support? Witnessing its effects on people with a variety of afflictions. “When you see through your own eyes the impact that only cannabis has on these diseases … within minutes you understand that this is a public health issue and you have to assist the citizens of your country.”

    http://www.newsweek.com/israel-marijuana-research-laws-us-fda-cannabis-706515

    Americans may soon be able to get medical marijuana from an unlikely drug dealer: Israel.

    Bloomberg reported Thursday that 2018 could be a big year for the country’s quest to become a global pot provider. Israel’s government is on track to pass regulations that would allow growers to export their products, and at least one company—Breath of Life Pharma—is aiming to submit an application to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in hopes of getting legal approval to bring its experimental treatments stateside.

    P.S. I am baaack after 3 weeks of traveling to Asia (S, Korea, Taiwan) for work reason. Anyway, I ate plenty of delicious foods laced with saturated fat and I see none of what Campbell described in his fantasy novel, and the people that I see around me are all healthy and slim. More on this later. I also saw so many misleading videos that I don’t have time to comment on. More later.

    Guys like TG must be delighted with my comeback because there is nobody else to challenge his 70 year old saturated fat and cholesterol theories.

        1. Israel may be doing research on marijuana use, and they may

          be making bundles of money giving off shore money to drug

          dispensaries in the United States. But, Don’t think they are going

          to allow their citizens to have open recreational use of marijuana.

          If they do allow open, free use of recreational marijuana then in time,

          the Muslims will kick their ass. Hard core Muslims who adhere to

          the Koran do not tolerate in the least the use of drugs, alcohol, and

          the such. They will kick their ass.

          1. Israel only allows marijuana for medical use but decriminalizes marijuana for recreational use (it is still illegal). I don’t know exactly what but other muslim countries are smoking something even more potent. I read that the terrorists smoke this before carrying on a suicide mission.

            https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabis_in_Israel

            Anyway, I share your concerns regarding drug use in our country. But the problem is much more than the use of marijuana, There are addiction of cocaine, heroin, narcotic and painkiller FDA drugs. Having travelled the world, I see the drive of other countries while we are just laid back.

            I used to oppose the legalization of marijuana until it’s legalized in my state (against my will) and I have visited a state sponsored marijuana dispensary and I don’t see that it is as bad as I thought. I also know a lady co-worker who smoked marijuana before it’s legalized, to treat her cancer and she survived cancer for more than 30 years. If she had not told me about it, I wouldn’t know because she is a responsible and good co-worker otherwise.

            Just like the article that I quoted above, you will change your mind once you see how people use marijuana for medical purposes,

            https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/articles/2017-04-11/israel-is-a-global-leader-in-marijuana-research

            Cannabis also is a bipartisan issue in Israel. Some of the biggest proponents of legalization are right-wing politicians, such as Sharren Haskel, who led the successful push for the recent decriminalization of marijuana.

            Haskel’s explanation for bipartisan support? Witnessing its effects on people with a variety of afflictions. “When you see through your own eyes the impact that only cannabis has on these diseases … within minutes you understand that this is a public health issue and you have to assist the citizens of your country.”

            1. The Russians and Chinese are hoping that your view of wide spread marijuana use will permeate American society all the way down to kindergarden to the elderly. They are especially hopeful that your attitude toward marijuana will permeate American military men, from tank gunners, to jet pilots, to the crewmen of submarines. They welcome your views and I am sure they would like to encourage you to spread your views about marijuana, especially to the military. However, don’t try to sneak any pot across their borders, unless you like working in a gulag in Siberia. Khruschev predicted back in the 1950’s that America would fall within.

              1. Ironically it was the British who introduced marijuana to China in the early 1900 to weaken them so that they can colonize them.

                Anyway, the problems in this country is much much more serious than the marijuana use. From lack of education to SAD diet to FDA drugs to twisted theories about certain foods that caused our health issues our population is facing today, to drug addictions of cocaine, heroin, narcotic drugs, painkillers drug, etc. The biggest problem is the outsourcing of everything. So if people have no job, what do they do? Booze and drugs of course.

                Marijuana is the least addictive drug. I wish that all drug addicts only use marijuana. But they use some drugs that are more potent including some FDA drugs.

                Prohibition never works, from alcohol to cigarette and now marijuana. By decriminalizing it, it frees up our police, jail and court to take care of other crimes.

                1. The president of the Phillipines has declared war on drugs with an iron fist, and is starting to get his country back to normalization. Indonesia just arrested an American at the airport because he had some medicinal marijuana with him. Indonesia has strict laws against these drugs because they know that these drugs destabilize the population and that drug lords eventually have political influence. True, the bloody British have infected many pre-colonial countries with drugs, alcohol, and even disease in order to destabilize the country in order to over throw the native government and ruling class. I find it ironical that NOW bloody England is getting a taste of its own medicine as the Muslim population is now slowly taking over England and now we have a Muslim as mayor of Londonstan. Karma at work.

                  1. You have to put everything in context. Yes the Philippines and Indonesia are killing millions of drug addicts but they are also kill a number of innocent people. Also they lump all drugs into one, from marijuana to cocaine. Also the money from the drugs that are sold there, are used for other purposes such as financing ISIS, Albu-Sayef (sp?), communists, terrorists, etc. Visit Mexico or Italy for instance, people there are mostly not drug addicts but the drugs are sold in the U.S. and the money goes to the drug cartel and Mafia and for other purposes. Gosh, even the olive oil from Italy is now mostly counterfeited by the Mafia, so should we ban olive oil?

                    The legalization of marijuana in the USA does not make people more addicted to drugs. Same thing with legalizing alcohol and cigarette. Visit one of the state sponsored marijuana dispensary and see for yourself who visit those places? I am sure that you won’t see drug addicts lining up to buy drug.

                  2. Re: I find it ironical that NOW bloody England is getting a taste of its own medicine as the Muslim population is now slowly taking over England and now we have a Muslim as mayor of Londonstan.

                    Now you talk like one of the who-is supporters. First of all, that mayor of London is not a bad guy despite his religion.

                    Secondly, I understand the problems in England, Europe in general and Germany in particular. It is a problem of letting in millions if immigrants in the early days and now, and without any control or assimilation. Do you know that the Muslim mosques in England can preach violence freely? And for Germany with a population of 80M to let in 1M of refugees at once, will cause a disaster in the future.

                    We face a bigger problem in the West than the legalization of marijuana, which I think is harmless and get benefits to some people. because the marijuana plant does have many compounds that can cure a number of diseases. Just look at the lack of education in our country and all jobs are either outsourcing or replaced by robots. I worry about the future of my kids although they all have degrees and do exceptionally well in school and job. When people have no job, what will they do to kill time?

                    1. You said the mayor of London is not a bad guy. He is a wolf in sheep’s clothing. He has publicly stated that Britons living in London need to get used to living in a large metropolitan city where bombs go off, and terrorism takes place. He said it’s just part of the landscape and that we need to get used to it. This mayor who you seem to like also is in favor of Sharia law and wants open borders for the United Kingdom so that more people from the middle east can come to England. When you say that this mayor is a real nice guy you remind me of when Neville Chamberlain came back from Germany after signing a treaty with Hitler and declaring in so many words that Hitler is a reasonable kind of guy and we can get along with him. By the way, Montreal, Canada now has NO-GO zones for the police and non-Muslims….just like in London, Paris, parts of Germany, and in Stockholm Sweeden. Jerry, I bet you voted for Hillary Clinton….didn’t you?

                    2. John, you sound like TG. Whenever you cannot win an argument then you resort to stereotyping and profiling. How to do you know about who I voted for?

                      About this mayor of London, I am no fan of him and do not follow the news about him. But what I read is that after the bombing in London, all he said is to call for Londoners to stay calm and go on with their life because fear is what the terrorists want. But his statement was taken out of context by who-is-who who accused him of telling Londoners to rejoy on the bombing, or something like that.

              2. You should rejoin the DEA? Or maybe wait to see what this series of videos concludes?

                Check this out?

                https://www.quora.com/What-does-the-distribution-of-IQ-scores-look-like

                Looking at the charts you can see that only 16% of Americans have an IQ higher than 115. Probably similar to Russia?

                IMO…the issue isn’t drugs so much as it is the natural distribution of IQ. And those that rise to the “top” in order to exploit the others.

                I’d like to see a military composed of transvestites smoking weed myself…let the Ruskies deal with that by God.

                1. I have studied the Russian language with many Russians in Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Ufa, Vladovostok, and other Russians cities. The Russian people pride themselves upon education. They are avid readers. If you go into one of their apartments “kvartira” you will see hundreds of books. In the major cities many Russians speak English. They are very proud of their country, their heritage, their language, and their borders. Most of them support Putin because they see a man who is truly looking out for the well being of the Russian people and its resources. On the other hand, 50 percent of the American people are trying to overturn the Trump government by all means possible such as through propaganda, fake news, rioting, creating false accusations, resisting, and sabotage on legal and political levels. America is a divided nation. Russia is not a divided nation, yes, there are pockets of malcontents and young upstarts, but nothing like the division in America.
                  America is in a cultural war, a propaganda war, a borders war, a political war, an educational war, a racial war, an entertainment war, and sometimes even a physical war when rioting breaks out with groups like antifa or black lives matter. Russia is focused on success and improvement. America is in self destruction mode.

                  1. John, Thank you for saying what most people are afraid to say due to “Political Correctness”, which has stifled the discourse in this country for too long. I can’t believe how politicians from both political parties, plus the Media (including the Social Media companies), are all trying to nullify the Trump presidency, merely because he was elected by “We, the People” rather than their chosen candidates!

    1. Oh, come on Jerry, sticking your head in the sand and saying everybody in Asia is slim and healthy despite increasing saturated fat consumption may fool you, It doesn’t fool professional Asian researchers.

      “About one fifth of the one billion overweight or obese people in the world are Chinese. China was once considered to have one of the leanest populations,1 but it is fast catching up with the West in terms of the prevalence of overweight and obesity; disturbingly, this transition has occurred in a remarkably short time.2”
      https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1550451/

      “Overweight and obesity are rapidly increasing in countries like India.”
      https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4613435/

      “The present study found a high prevalence of overweight and obesity in nationally representative sample of the Thai population.”
      https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22526130

      I spend most of the year in the Philippines and believe me overweight and obesity are very common here.

      Your fantasies about people in Asia all being lean, about the China study and about dietary saturated fat and blood cholesterol are just that. Fantasies. Only cranks, charlatans and the people led astray by them spout such counter-factual nonsense. I shudder to think how many people have been killed or had their health seriously damaged by being taken in by this nonsense.

  24. Yea, more drug users that is all we need in this country… people are barely functional the way it is. If you know anyone who smokes dope long term, you know loss of ambition is one of the most notable side-effects. A neighbor I grew up with got addicted to this stuff at an early age, after a few years of regular smoking he eventually lost interest in everything he was passionate about. Gradual effect, but was pretty complete after about 10 years.

    Politicians legalizing this stuff, without understanding where it leads the country is the real problem. Eventually this will be just like alcohol, where 90+ percent of youth is high on this stuff. Eventually these loaded kids, who are then grown up, will be the one’s taking care of those eating the SAD in old age – – the one’s who voted to legalize it… serves them right.

    1. I don’t think many of you guys are going deep enough. You infer that the problem with people and society is drug use. Fact is, when people are truly happy and involved in meaningful lives, they do not feel a pull toward alcohol or drugs… or meat. When they are truly happy, they are content and do not need external substances to fulfill themselves. Where you see drug and alcohol use, you see someone who is unhappy and who needs something to fill the hole in their heart. Our nation – and world – has been nearly destroyed by a small, very powerful group that loves nothing more than to make people miserable – and sick – and dead. They love GMOs and vaccines and chemtrails and rich, fatty foods, drugs that harm and loveless relationships. I see indications that their rule is coming to an end and we might soon see the light coming back into many people’s eyes as they awaken from the long, old, bad dream. We’ve been in the poppy patch for a long time, but it’s now time to wake up and get back to our wise minds, our heart of hearts. Don’t blame the drugs. Blame the false values that people have been taught – money and power, drugs, sex, rock and roll. They have been poorly taught and it’s time for them to find their inner wisdom again – beyond all the programming of the media, advertising and “educational” system. Go deeper and wake up. Many of you sound pretty sleepy. Drugs are not the problem. False values are… they put people into a state of despair because the system is rigged – the brightest and best have said it and it is true. The system has been rigged and no matter how smart, how talented, unless you signed your name in blood, you couldn’t get “to the top”… Kids either “go bad” and do drugs and alcohol – or die of despair – so many suicides. Be part of the solution, please.

      1. Compare Americans during World War 2 to young Americans today.

        Big difference. Your pep talk is not going to make any difference.

        The dye is cast, and America is going down the tube in drugs galore.

        1. John, do you know what a shill is? It is someone who is paid to disrupt or influence communications online. I am reminded how much big pharma must feel threatened by marijuana each time you write a comment. I personally think the U.S. is rallying because the people are discovering how they have been influenced in the past and they are waking up… No, the U.S. is not going down the tubes. The swamp is being drained.

        1. Jerry Lewis, Despite what you want to believe, according to the science, meat is addictive. Just because there are a lot of people addicted, doesn’t mean something is not addictive!:

          “The stimulant hypoxanthine, not any special properties of its protein, vitamins, or minerals is responsible for the satisfying and stimulating effects of meat. It is similar in chemical formula and effect as caffeine.

          It has been known since antiquity that those who regularly eat meat experience some degree of enervation when they are deprived of this food for some time. This sensation that “something is missing” always results from abruptly removing meat from the diet, even when it is replaced with plant foods and dietary supplements providing as much or even more protein and nutrients as meat.

          He goes on to say, “that the enervation that some persons experience when they stop eating meat products is not due to a lack of its protein or other nutrients that some consider irreplaceable. It is due to a type of stimulant found in meat. Today it’s known that the muscle cells of meat contain Hypoxanthine, which increases in concentration as the meat ages.

          Hypoxanthine and other similar substances, such as inosinic acid and guanylic acid, are present in meat. They have a chemical structure similar to that of caffeine in coffee or the theobromine in cocoa, with similar effects. They are central nervous system stimulants. They are addictive.

          Hypoxanthine explains the stimulating effect of meat and it’s capacity to create a certain level of addiction, which manifests itself when meat is given up abruptly. Because of this, it is recommended that those wishing to replace meat with plant-based foods follow a transition diet to help avoid the effect of sudden deprivation.” from George D Pamplona-Roger, M.D.

          https://nutrientrich.com/diet-trapped/is-meat-addictive.html

          1. Your statement that meat is addictive, is completely unscientific and nonsense. I am sure that all of you vegans, are not vegan at birth and you became vegan by choice at some point in your life. So if meat is addictive, how did you get off that addiction? Tell that to all the drug users to get off drugs, how many were successful doing so? People cannot even get off cigarette smoking or booze let alone drugs.

            As for me and a lot of health conscious people. we eat some meat by choice because we know that plant foods do not provide adequate nutrition. Yes you get most of protein, amino acids through plant foods but you still miss a few important ones. I already stated many times what they are but because some people want to be possum, they won’t listen no matter what I said.

            Other than that, I am sure that I eat more plant foods than most vegans including yourself.

        2. Meat contains the adrenalin that charges through the animal’s body as it is killed. There are many, many adrenalin junkies in our society – and the world, Jerry. “Can’t live without my meat!” – famous quote from my dad. Famous quote fom my mom: “In five years no one will remember the Beatles ever existed” (said during their first Ed Sullivan performance. Meat is a potent drug. When people quit they go through withdrawals.

            1. Refusing to believe your assertions and the crackpot theories you espouse, does not constitute fanaticism Jerry,

              On the other hand, your incredible claim that all the evidence showing that high saturated fat diets and high blood cholesterol are risk factors for a range of chronic diseases, are “bogus” and “faked” may well do.

  25. The adverse effects are stark – but they were not even mentioned in passing. Glaucoma? This was discussed, but the research found several mental/psychotic conditions resulting from cannabis use (I had to ‘rewind’ the video to find it). I got the impression that you were pro cannabis, or keen not to offend those who are.

    1. MissTracey, you have to distinguish between cannabis use as a drug and cannabis use for medical. They use only the parts of the marijuana plant that don’t make you high, although lately they found out that the parts that make you high are more effective. But if you have to choose between let say cancer or some other ailment and slightly high, which one do you choose? Or chemo with tons of side effects or no chemo at all if you have cancer?

      One thing to clarify is that most people who visit the state sponsored marijuana dispensary where it is legalized, are doing for medical purposes. Drug users don’t go to those places because the recreational marijuana that is sold there, is not strong enough. The stuff that you find in the streets are hundred of times more potent and harmful and addictive because they add some chemicals to make it addicted, including some legal FDA approved narcotic and painkiller drugs.

      Visit one of the dispensaries and see for yourself what it is, it looks like a pharmacy. After I visited one of the dispensaries in my state, it made me change my opinion.

  26. I preferred cannabis infused dark chocolate coated blueberries that I tried in Colorado for my osteoarthritis. But cannabis can be misused or abused like numerous legal substances.
    I have witnessed people over eat and drink alcohol excessively on numerous occasions. Some types of food and drink are know carcinogens however they are
    advertised and legally sold throughout the US. Unfortunately cannabis is a Federally schedule one drug and a bacon double cheese burger with french fries and a milk shake or a Egg Mc muffin with a hash brown is an typical American meal. Salt, animal fat and sugar – Happy Holidays

  27. There is strong evidence that marijuana may likely change one’s QT interval. I barely control my severe fibrillation with Tikyosin and if my QT interval changes I can easily go back into fibrillation. In turn, I go into severe hypertension, severe tachycardia, and a downward spiral of heart remodeling. I don’t dare eat or smoke any.

    1. As I understand it, the evidence for oil impacting the QT interval is not as strong. However, I have 3 cardiologists and they all agree I should not try it.

        1. There are also 502 prescription drugs that affect the QT interval and which I cannot take including all NSAIDs and SSIDs. There are also many OTC drugs I cannot take such as Advil and aspirin. I’ll trust the specialists. I’ve been in heart failure. I do not want to go there again.

  28. I am astonished by some of the comments, today. People warning of physical addiction, and making statements along the line of “I’m all in favor of freedom, but we don’t need more addicts driving cars, flying planes or performing open heart surgery,” make me wonder whether your interest in veganism is as tenuous as your grasp of the effects of the natural drug, marijuana, as sold in licensed dispensaries.

    A number of people seem to have gotten hip to the weed, by watching “Reefer Madness.” If one’s behavior while driving after the use of a substance is to be determinative of its legality, let’s talk alcohol…or coffee…or cellphones, and make their use a felony.

    Do you not know how we got to this point in drug policy?
    A few memorable moments:

    Marijuana? John Sinclair was caught with two joints, got 10 years. Tommy Chong (Cheech & Chong) was sentenced to federal prison for selling pipes (bongs), no drugs, through the internet.

    Crack? Introduced into the US by CIA sponsors. You could ask Gary Webb, if he were alive.

    LSD? Used by the CIA, through MKUltra program from 1953 (years before Leary, at Harvard) on, giving it to people without their knowledge or consent. After the program was abandoned, it became a felony for people to intentionally try it. Family Values, no doubt.

    I hope that those whose comments perpetuate the myths know better, themselves, and actually meant to be facetious.

    1. “If one’s behavior while driving after the use of a substance is to be determinative of its legality, let’s talk alcohol…or coffee…or cellphones, and make their use a felony.”
      But there are already laws out for driving under the influence of alcohol and they’re able to test levels. Are there laws against driving while influenced under marijuana or other drugs? I’m not even sure if there are existing laws about texting… I see people texting all the time and it makes me livid. If laws do exist for texting, they need to become much harsher… if people aren’t going to care about putting others’ lives in danger then they need to be terrified about having their own lives ruined.

      I didn’t read all the comments you must be referring to, but concerned about road safety and the such is not a nonsensical-myth-perpetuating thing. I don’t think raising these concerns even addresses whether or not it should be legalized or not but just simply bringing up an important topic.

      1. Oh and coffee likely improves driving. Caffein actually boosts brain function. Of course I’m not referring to someone having 20 servings or anything.

    1. Jerry Lewis, I don’t know about Thea, but as for me, I don’t post here much anymore. I am beginning to enjoy just sitting back and watching you make a fool out of yourself everyday. Most of the regular posters here are tired of correcting your misinformation. And after thinking about it, by not correcting your misinformation, we would be doing a service for Humanity.

      Let me explain: The intelligent readers of this comments section will quickly realize your lack of knowledge of nutrition, and will just ignore you. So those of “lesser intelligence” will be the only ones who follow your advice and continue to eat meat, eggs, dairy and smoke pot. So by following your advice, they will die early and reproduce less, and their genes will be removed from the “Gene Pool”. Therefore, the human race, as a whole, will slowly become more intelligent. So by not correcting you on a daily basis, we’re really doing “humanity” a favor :-)

        1. I don’t see their post gone and I’m not sure why you’re accusing them of being Thea… seems slanderous to both parties but you e slandered here before.

  29. As long as cannabis is still a controlled substance in most states, it will not be funded by government for research, even though results can be promising.

  30. Hello Dr. Greger,

    I think the meta-analysis may end up adding a lot of noise to the signal if it doesn’t differentiate between CBD (cannabidiol) dominated varieties and THC (tetrahydrocanabinol) dominated varieties. I had heard that the medicinal effects appear to mostly come from CBD, which is an anti-inflammatory and allegedly induces apoptosis in cancer cells.

    Instead of looking at a meta-analysis of a flood of papers, perhaps a more targeted look may be more informative of the relative effects of the two active components of marijuana.

    1. Thank you. Yes, you make a valid point that it is difficult to tell the true effect of the plant if you don’t look at the relative amounts of the active agents being used in the studies. Not always easy to quantify.

  31. Can you imagine how the newspapers and the drug companies would trumpet the news of a single new drug that could help chronic pain, nausea of chemotherapy and the discomfort of MS? These are significant benefits. And if there was as much research behind the effectiveness and safety as this one has (marijuana) the FDA would approve it without pause. The fact that it’s marijuana and that big pharma won’t make any money off it means it’s stalled at the gate.

  32. I have a medical prescription for cannabinol tea against muscle spasms. The tea needs to be mixed with milk powder to avoid the active ingredient to stick to the pan and cup. What could I use instead of milk powder??

  33. Good news everybody, some of us have been supplementing vitamin K2 for some time after studies came out about it’s health benefits.

    While Dr. Greger has not yet talked about vitamin K2 in his dietary recommendations, I can inform you that supplementing K2 is now supported and advised by Dr Joel Khan.

    Also Dr. Fhurman advises that even healthy WFPB people take vit K2.

    Dosage is 200 micrograms per day, in the menaquinon mk7 form.

      1. I remember months ago when you wrote that your intention in posting here on NF was to disparage Dr Greger and to promote your own whacky ideas about saturated fat and cholesterol (I paraphrase). You weren’t kidding.

        However, don’t you think that spending so much time and effort pursuing this obsessive vendetta is psychologically abnormal? Possibly even pathological? There seem to be thousands of websites out there pandering to people with your reality-denying beliefs. Why not spend your time there?

    1. Without controlled clinical trials proving both safety AND efficacy, no supplements should be taken. There is not enough evidence yet and data on actual requirements for K2 is lacking.

      Dr. Ben

  34. Cannabidiol to treat juvenile epilepsy, pain management (cancer, arthritis, etc.), nausea due to chemo, mood enhancement in palliative care are some uses that come to mind. Isn’t it effective?

  35. Fifty percent increase chance of testicular cancer, smoking once a week or for over ten years?
    Was this research done by the DEA?
    Couldn’t be more intimidating!
    z

  36. To smoke pot or not is the question . I think that was Shakespeare or Cheech & Chong ? In my neighborhood the pot use seems high to me , one woman who’s little kid plays with my kid in the park swears she would not be functional today without it . She has a very bad back and knees which cause her great distress , she can barely walk to the school for her kid which is almost 2 blocks away . So she makes sure she always has a good supply on hand . Here is the thing though , she weighs at least 300 lb. and I’m being kind here , most likely closer to 400 . I never see her without a pop in her hand , she even carries a small cooler bag of the stuff with her , she is on welfare and what she tells me they live off the food bank . See my problem with her? I didn’t know that the food bank gives you cases of pop or pot ? If they don’t give it to her , she must be paying cash for it . Does that mean the food bank is an enabler ?
    Another case is down the street . In this case is a 40 year old male who has a most crippling disease , yes he lives in his parents basement and because of his disease , he is not able to take any sun at all , so most jobs that he could do he is unable to do as he is extremely allergic to bright light like the sun . After 5 years of trying he now has been able to get a monthly disability check . About the only thing he is able to do 5 days a week is play realistic type of games on his 60 inch screen TV in the basement . He needs pot on a daily basis so he is able to cope with this disease . One bright note he is able to come outside on weekends starting Friday night and he is able to go camping and partying with friends all weekend . Everyone is so surprised at the energy he has on weekends only to relapse on Monday .
    Now if you have some ailment and truly find pot helpful , I have nothing but good wishes for you . However the way pot is being used it has no nutritional value and I.m a little surprised a website called Nutrionfacts is giving it so much attention .

  37. Dr G you missed “caveat hemptor” :)

    Seriously though the whole plant works better than the isolate due to the entourage effect.
    It does not get you high because the plant form is the acidic one (THCA & CBDA) until you heat it. Then it transforms into THC & CBD. So more green leafy food with health benefits. Who would have guessed that?

    I do think a review of ingested instead of inhaled would be better. The effects last much longer and you don’t need as much.

    1. Kevin,

      Try this theory on for size…. and no it has nothing to do with organic or not….. back in 1984 there was an interesting paper to start the discussion. Here is a study that clearly indicates the mechanism of what’s been seen time and again, lower testosterone levels in those using cannabis. There are no lack of studies indicating this finding…worth a google scholar search. (120K)

      Then take the case studies showing that with lower testosterone, and Low testosterone levels are related to poor prognosis factors in men with prostate cancer prior to treatment. finding that prostate cancer is more aggressive or Low free and bioavailable testosterone levels may predict pathologically-proven high-risk prostate cancer: a prospective, clinical trial . Not conclusive evidence but suggestive of a potential pathway…..

      Your suggestion on the pesticide residues and other contaminants not found in organic cannabis is not really an effective argument as there are two classes of associated pesticides found , “Use of chlorinated pesticides among applicators over 50 years of age and methyl bromide use were significantly associated with prostate cancer risk”, as the majority of the findings by the recent OSU assays don’t show these classes of pesticides in common use.

      Dr. Alan Kadish moderator for Dr. Greger http://www.CenterofHealth.com

      1. Very interesting but it is possible that aggressive prostate cancer may lower testosterone levels rather than low testosterone may raise prostate cancer risk. Men with Research from the UK for example suggests that low testosterone may be protective against developing prostate cancer … or at least low grade prostate cancer.
        http://abstracts.ncri.org.uk/abstract/low-circulating-free-testosterone-is-associated-with-reduced-incidence-of-prostate-cancer-a-pooled-analysis-of-individual-participant-data-from-20-prospective-studies/

        This may be like cholesterol and heart disease – low cholesterol is shown to be protective against heart disease but heart attacks and heart surgery both lower cholesterol levels. The more severe the heart attack or the more traumatic the surgery, the greater the fall in the patient’s cholesterol. Consequently observational studies find no link between high cholesterol levels and hospitalised heart disease patients

  38. This seems to be about the effects of smoking the plant – what about usage in tar form, extract..??
    BTW great usage of so many Buzz words :)
    I have a feeling that this video will get a lot more comments than any post before.

    1. It is not alternative information, Joe. It is just information. The same information that this site assesses and evaluates.

      The best way of explaining the difference between NF and ScienceDaily is to refer to the intelligence cycle: This will be familiar to anyone who has worked in military or civil intelligence agencies. They need to have a methodology to filter out “noise” and disinformation. So do we.

      “The Intelligence Cycle is the process of developing raw information into finished intelligence for policymakers to use in decisionmaking and action. There are five steps which constitute the Intelligence Cycle.”
      https://fas.org/irp/cia/product/facttell/intcycle.htm

      ScienceDaily reports the raw information about recently published research studies. NutritionFacts collates, analyses, evaluates and disseminates that information to concerned consumers. Us.

      It is vital that we all understand the difference and not be led astray by the latest study, reported on ScienceDaily, produced by industry or agenda-driven groups and individuals that appears to contradict the totality of existing nutritional evidence on a particular topic. Context is vital. ScienceDaily does not deliver that. NutritionFacts does.

      .

  39. I would like to make one more point. Here is a study on Chantix. “Of the total new patients started on varenicline (n=56,851), there were 10,041 neuropsychiatric and 6,317 cardiovascular events that led to hospitalizations or ED visits from 1 year before to 1 year after varenicline receipt.”

    I point this out only to show that many prescription drugs can be quite dangerous and have to be used according to indications, with full knowledge of possible side effects. You wouldn’t prescribe Chantix to a child, anymore than you would (usually) prescribe marijuana to a child. But you might offer Chantix to someone who has COPD, and you might like to prescribe marijuana to someone who has chronic pain and wants to get off opioids.

    Doctors prescribe drugs that cause serious side effects every day, and (logically) patients stop using them. The drugs aren’t taken off the market because they carry risk. Chemotherapy drugs are another example. Everybody slugs down antibiotics as if they have no risk, and they have a wide variety of potential side effects, some deadly. I would bet that marijuana is one of the safer drugs, if used correctly. But as we all know, marijuana is the devil’s weed and there’s no money to be made by the drug companies. Politics is what keeps it from being studied properly and being made available to doctors and patients. Until you are very ill, you don’t know how desperate people are to get some relief.

  40. Ingesting cannabis can be ingested a mired of different ways not just smoking. It would be nice if other ways of ingesting were also included.

  41. I am surprised that this summary of the IOM report, or, perhaps, the IOM report itself, did not discuss the epidemiological findings I have read that show that there is a relationship between marijuana usage regulation and opiod use across the United States. Perhaps that analysis will come in the videos queued for the future!

  42. I was really distracted multitasking when I first watched this video and a lot of these puns went over my head. Just rewatched it and omg… that was a beautiful thing! Lol gonna watch this again just for the puns!

  43. Why was there no mention of benefits on seizure activity? Here in Georgia, children who need cannabis to reduce their seizures are the reason we have medical marijuana. We hear self reports but see the medicine working on camera. I’m just skeptical that the benefits found are the only benefits. I believe more will come to light soon. It is ironic that the 100 million dollars of funding could not find more negative impacts.

  44. I am such a geek…14 times puns used. Brill video soooooooooooooooo many reasons why this article ticked a whole bunch of areas for me. Not a surprise and a welcoming look to both positives/negatives. A welcome article which in my opinion and with the hope people look further and never use only one article to base their entire belief system. On POT 14 14 14 …I hope I’m correct after 2 times watching the video, if I’m incorrect 3rd time shall occur

  45. Well fellow readers Jeff Sessions has disregarded the opinion of the previous administration and has impelled his staff to reign in the thing of legal marijuana. And despite the congressional law requiring a hands off for medical marijuana it appears he is considering that as well.

    Last I heard a 12 year old girl in Colorado afflicted with seizures is pushing a suit against the DOJ.
    Thousands in jail for really no reason related to this demonization and many many helped for pain relief and other cause not well studied or substantiated necessarily in the science but nevertheless helping daily hundreds of thousands.

    I am really no advocate for pot nor do I use it but this is like a push back into the past. It is a truly horrible decision by Sessions. No other word will fit it…horrible. They want opioids and only opioids. When will peoples wake up to the fact corporate interest runs the government?

  46. Dear Dr. Greger,

    someone very close to me has been diagnosed with pleural mesothelioma – a cancer most likely stemming from the exposure to asbestos. The cancer is in the very early stages, nevertheless the doctors have given him around 12 to 18 months to live (i.e. the average survival rate) and stated that orthodox approaches (i.e. removal, chemotherapy, etc.) have proven to be of little success with this type of cancer in the past. Apparently only around 7% make it to surpass 5 years after diagnosis.

    My enquiry to you is twofold:

    (1) Some research on the internet has brought us to cannabis oil as an alternative treatment. Even though the above report states that the effects of cannabis may be overestimated and more research is required, do you think there can be any negative effects in fighting this type of cancer especially when consuming it in the form of oil? Do you think its still worth trying?

    (2) Even though the average prognosis for pleural mesothelioma is not very promising and the cause (exposure to asbestos) is different to that of most other cancers (largely unhealthy diet (and genetics)), do you believe that a switch to a vegan diet (incl. for example your daily dozen) will have the same positive effects in terms of fighting this type of cancer? In other words, to what extent would you also recommend a plant-based diet over a “normal” diet in this particular case?

    For three years now I have been vegetarian (after reading Peter Singer’s “Animal Liberation”) and about 6 months ago I have gone fully vegan. The latter step is owed to pioneers like you who are not afraid to speak the truth out loud against the Goliaths of today. I would like to thank you for that and let you know that I fully believe in your cause!

    If you have any other recommendations for us to treat this type of cancer, please feel free to add in your comment as well.

    All the best from Germany!
    Kim

    1. I am not a professional. Just someone who is pondering your sentence about whether it works like other Cancers.

      My mind questions: does it grow and spread like other Cancers, because going vegan would stop the things which help most cancers grow and spread.

      Also what comes to mind is that he has videos on lung conditions like COPD and asthma and there are things like broccoli and just adding extra fruits and vegetables which help bring relief to those.

      I am wondering about systemic enzymes like serrapeptase, because those have been used to get people off oxygen, but again I am not a doctor and am only a newbie even as a vegan.

  47. I’m very sorry to hear about your loved-one’s diagnosis. Switching to a WFPB diet could benefit him/her. The cannabis oil is an unknown. Keep in mind that the oil is likely not standardized in any way so we don’t know what the components are. One thing that is important is that this person do everything/anything under the guidance/approval of their doctor to make sure that the condition is not worsened by these changes. I always advise appointing with a doctor that is intimately familiar with the benefits of a WFPB lifestyle as many docs don’t read the peer-reviewed literature on the subject and not familiar with the benefits.

    Dr. Ben

  48. What a nice article about the benefits of cannabis. I just want to get your opinions about using cannabis for gastrointestinal disorders like ulcer. Are there proven studies on GI disorders treated well by cannabis?

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